Black flies, also known as “buffalo gnats” or “turkey gnats” can be quite annoying to people and mammals. Much like mosquitoes, both the male and female Black Fly feed on nectar. It is only the female Black Fly who bites since she requires blood for the development of her eggs.
Black Flies can be found throughout the world from the warm tropics to the cold regions of the Arctic Circle.
Where do Black Flies live? Black Flies can be found throughout the world from the warm tropics to the cold regions of the Arctic Circle. Their main criteria appear to be clean water and a sufficient supply of bloodmeal hosts, which means Black Flies live virtually everywhere.
Control efforts for the Black Fly are hampered by the vastness of their range and the variety in their breeding locations. Some states in the U.S. spray insecticides to combat Black Flies, while others prefer not to put anything into its now-clean rivers and streams, fearing that insecticides could harm beneficial insects or fish. Another form of outdoor black fly protection is the mosquito trap.
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