The Anopheles mosquito is known universally as the Malaria Mosquito species because it is considered the primary vector of the disease. Learn more about the symptoms of malaria. The Anopheles mosquito is also considered a transmitter of heartworm in dogs. This mosquito species seems to prefer mammals, including humans, for its blood meal.
The body of the adult Anopheles mosquito is dark brown to black in color and has 3 sections which are the head, thorax and abdomen. When resting, the stomach area of the Malaria Mosquito species points upward, rather than being even with the surrounding surface like most mosquitoes. The female Anopheles mosquito will mate several times in her short lifespan, producing eggs after she has found a blood meal. Although she only lives a few weeks to a month at most, she will have been able to produce thousands of eggs during that time.
The female mosquito will deposit up to 200 eggs individually onto the water’s surface. Each of the single eggs remains on the water by the use of floats. The eggs take anywhere from two days to three weeks to hatch, depending on the temperature of the region.
Larvae are known as wigglers since they seem to move in that manner. They lie parallel to the water’s surface in order to feed on fungi, bacteria and other tiny organisms. These larvae will undergo growth throughout the four instars of this stage, after which they become pupae.
Pupae are known as tumblers because of the way they seem to “tumble” through the water. Their rounded, comma-like shape makes this mode of movement easy. These pupae come to the surface of the water in order to breathe using tiny “trumpets,” but they do not eat during the 1-2 days in which they will become an adult mosquito. Learn about the malaria mosquito bite, as well as the malaria mosquito breeding cycle.
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