Known as the “Yellow Fever Mosquito,” species Aedes aegypti is the main vector, or carrier, of Dengue Fever and Yellow Fever in certain regions of North, Central, and South America.
The adult mosquito of this species has a black body with white, lyre-shaped scales on its thorax region. Its legs are banded in white. It may appear similar to other mosquito species.
Aedes aegypti is an early morning or late afternoon biter, but will also bite at night under sufficient artificial lighting. Habitats are often found close to human areas and this Yellow Fever mosquito species will often bite indoors or in sheltered areas near the home. Human blood is preferred over other animals.
Yellow Fever mosquito species' eggs are usually deposited in water found in a variety of containers, including old tires, aluminum cans, coffee cups, and other similar items, as well as tree holes and plant leaves. Eggs will survive for up to a year, if present conditions are not suitable for hatching. The eggs will hatch when flooded by deoxygenated water.
Larvae are known as wigglers since they seem to move in that manner. They feed on fungi, bacteria and other tiny organisms through straw-like filters. These larvae will undergo growth throughout the four instars of this stage, which lasts up to 10 days for the Yellow Fever mosquito species aedes aegypti.
Pupae are known as tumblers because of the way they seem to “tumble” through the water. Their rounded, comma-like shape makes this mode of movement easy. These pupae do not eat during the 1-2 days in which they will become an adult mosquito.
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